Bardarbunga

Toutes ces images et informations proviennent de l’IMO . http://en.vedur.is/

(Glanées  jour après jour depuis le début de l’éruption…) Nous en étions si près en Juillet que  cela  m’a forcement passionné!

L’éruption volcanique dans le nord du Vatnajökull (Holuhraun) qui a commencé fin Août est caractérisée par un grand débit de lave. Plus d’une centaine de tremblements de terre par jour…

Pour tous les détails : http://www.photovoyage.org/islande/eruption-2014.php

2014-08-16 jskj_BARLes premières secousses!!!!2014-08-26 BAR Mi-Août.2014-08-26Toutes les équipes de vulcanologues sont à pied d’oeuvre!2014-08-28  10649093_936108849736913_8836768016644957864_o 2014-09-01  10524747_937954269552371_8015773869486465910_n 2014-09-01  BxlNvpGIQAACCvV 2014-09-01_img_8637_ah

A close-up night view of the lava flow and massive plumes. Holuhraun Fissure, near the Bardarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Sept. 2, 2014. Holuhraun is a lava field created by fissure eruptions in the Icelandic Highlands.  August 29, 2014, a fissure eruption occurred in Holuhraun at the northern end of a magma intrusion which had moved progressively north, from the Bardarbunga volcano.  Bardarbunga is a subglacial stratovolcano located under the ice cap of Vatnajokull glacier within the Vatnajokull National Park situated about 15 km (9.3mi) from the Holuhraun lava field.

A close-up night view of the lava flow and massive plumes. Holuhraun Fissure, near the Bardarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Sept. 2, 2014. Holuhraun is a lava field created by fissure eruptions in the Icelandic Highlands. August 29, 2014, a fissure eruption occurred in Holuhraun at the northern end of a magma intrusion which had moved progressively north, from the Bardarbunga volcano. Bardarbunga is a subglacial stratovolcano located under the ice cap of Vatnajokull glacier within the Vatnajokull National Park situated about 15 km (9.3mi) from the Holuhraun lava field.

02 Sep 2014, Iceland --- A late afternoon view of part of the Holuhraun fissure erupting as lava and steam rise into the air near the Bardarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Bardarbunga is a subglacial stratovolcano located under the ice cap of Vatnajokull glacier within the Vatnajokull National Park situated about 15 km (9.3mi) from the Holuhraun lava field. Picture date- Sept. 2, 2014 --- Image by © Arctic-Images/Corbis

02 Sep 2014, Iceland — A late afternoon view of part of the Holuhraun fissure erupting as lava and steam rise into the air near the Bardarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Bardarbunga is a subglacial stratovolcano located under the ice cap of Vatnajokull glacier within the Vatnajokull National Park situated about 15 km (9.3mi) from the Holuhraun lava field. Picture date- Sept. 2, 2014 — Image by © Arctic-Images/Corbis

2014-09-02_0955

03 Sep 2014, Iceland --- Aerial view of the lava fountains and massive plumes, Holuhraun Fissure, near the Bardarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Holuhraun is a lava field created by fissure eruptions in the Icelandic Highlands. August 29, 2014, a fissure eruption started in Holuhraun at the northern end of a magma intrusion which had moved progressively north, from the Bardarbunga volcano. Picture date Sept 1, 2014. Bardarbunga is a subglacial stratovolcano located under the Vatnajokull. --- Image by © Arctic-Images/Corbis

03 Sep 2014, Iceland — Aerial view of the lava fountains and massive plumes, Holuhraun Fissure, near the Bardarbunga Volcano, Iceland. Holuhraun is a lava field created by fissure eruptions in the Icelandic Highlands. August 29, 2014, a fissure eruption started in Holuhraun at the northern end of a magma intrusion which had moved progressively north, from the Bardarbunga volcano. Picture date Sept 1, 2014. Bardarbunga is a subglacial stratovolcano located under the Vatnajokull. — Image by © Arctic-Images/Corbis

2014-09-05   _W4B5042 2014-09-05-093918 2014-09-06 Flatarmal_06092014 6/9    Déjà 14,8 km2 de lave2014-09-10 eruption_holuhraun_lava_river !2014-09-10 eruption_holuhraun_lava_river_jokulsa_a_fjollum_02 2014-09-11  1hraunTremblements de terre2014-09-11 Bardarbunga2014_447s entre le 16/8 et 9/112014-09-11 bbbeginman 2014-09-12  iceland_j0641720/9 : plus de 35 km22014-09-22 Landsat20140922b 2014-09-20 InJo_Yfirlitskort_20140920
2014-09-29 53km2 le 7/10

 

2014-10-072014-10-2314/11 :   72 km2

2014-11-30

 

2014-10-24

 

Le glacier s’affaisse  de plusieurs dizaine de mètres au niveau de la caldéra du Bardarbunga..

 

 

83 km2 le 3/1/2015

 

Yfirlitskort_20150103

 

04/03/2015     Plus que des fumerolles! La lave ne s’écoule  plus.

 

 

2015-03-04_mynd2_ah

holuhraun-lokunarkort_16mars2015

Au final…..85 km2 sur 10 à 14 m d’épaisseur.

Le nouveau champ de lave est le plus grand en Islande depuis l’éruption du Laki (1783-1784). La libération de gaz à partir de l’éruption a eu un impact dans toute l’Islande pour la première fois fois depuis 150 ans , en raison de la taille et de la durée de l’éruption.

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